What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is essentially an uncontrolled growth of cells known as malignant within the prostate. The prostate is the walnut-sized gland in men, located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum, surrounding the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the bladder. The prostate produces and stores fluid that helps to make semen, and is involved in regulating bladder control.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer found in men in the all over the world, aside from skin cancer, and often begins without symptoms. Prostate cancer can be slow-growing, such that many men die of other diseases before the prostate cancer causes significant problems. However, many prostate cancers are more aggressive and can spread outside the confines of the prostate gland, which can be deadly. The prostate cancer survival rate is greatly improved with early detection and personalized treatment.
How is Prostate cancer diagnosed?
Prostate cancer screening and examinations consist of:
- Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. A blood sample is analyzed for levels of a protein produced by the prostate that can indicate the presence of cancer when these levels are elevated.
- Digital rectal examination – doctor inserts a lubricated gloved finger into the rectum to check for lumps on the prostate
- Urinary PCA3 and MDx Select and blood 4Kscore and PHI test biomarkers are also used when needed to screen for prostate cancer in men who are considered to be at-risk for the diagnosis.
Grading and staging of Prostate cancer will be evaluated by Dr. Mario delgadillo.
Causes and symptoms of prostate cancer
Theoretically, prostate cancer is caused by prostate cells gradually developing into cancer. Symptoms of prostate cancer are not typical however, in rare cases symptoms include but are not limited to prostate cancer are blood in the urine, difficulty emptying the bladder and bone pains.
Prostate Cancer Removal with Robotic Prostate Surgery
Robotic prostate surgery is a surgical procedure designed for the removal of prostate cancer. The radical prostatectomy procedure can now be performed via robotic laparoscopic techniques. In a procedure like open prostate surgery, the prostate gland is removed through a larger incision through the lower abdomen area. Laparoscopic surgery however, consists of keyhole incisions that are used for insertion of lighted viewing instruments known as laparoscopes into the pelvic region and gives way to examination and removal of the prostate without a large abdominal area incision.
Robotic or laparoscopic radical prostatectomy
Laparoscopic or robotic prostatectomy are minimally invasive surgery procedures used to remove the prostate. Both forms of surgery are to patients with prostate cancer. Are surgical oncologist has the most experience nationwide.
During Robotic Prostate Surgery
This procedure usually lasts typically 2-4 hours. Laparoscopic and robotic surgery only requires 4-5 small, keyhole sized incisions, through these incisions, Dr. Mario Delgadillo inserts a tiny, high precision endoscope(a tiny camera) as well as special surgical instrumentation to remove the prostate.
After Robotic Prostate Surgery
Hospital stay is typically one to two days after the procedure. Our medical team will be seeing you on a daily basis during your stay in the hospital. You will also receive post-op instructions the moment you are discharged. Urine catheter and Drain will be removed after a cystogram which is a special type of x-ray to check the bladder.